Humanistic and Radical Approaches to Andragogy

 

 

For my first choice, I shall refer to humanistic education and why I feel that it is most relevant to me just now in my present circumstances. Learning through a humanistic approach to education relies on being self-directed. As with many of us doing this course and was mentioned before I work a full-time job to pay for the course. By being given the opportunity to be self-directed allows someone working to study at a pace that is suitable to them at the times when they are available. Through this approach of self-directed learning, it will enable the learner to be tested on the most valuable form of evaluation: self-evaluation. This is notably important when in comes to andragogy regarding development studies. Many adult learners wish to deepen their understanding of development as they already have extensive experience through their careers and lifestyles, a humanistic approach allows the learner to incorporate their own experiences into their learning As Saul McLeod wrote in 2007:” “Humanistic, humanism, and humanist are terms in psychology relating to an approach which studies the whole person, and the uniqueness of each.”(Saul McLeod 2007).A Humanistic approach does not separate from the cognitive and affective domains, understanding that both feeling and knowledge are important as opposed to objectively memorized facts.(Cortland 2012).A humanistic approach to education allows adult learners to learn in a non-threatening and safe environment where we can use our own skills and experiences to help us grow and develop in a whole way.

 

 

Radical education is an approach which views education as a means to bring about fundamental social, cultural, political, and economic change.(Daniel Schugurensky,2002).Radical education focuses on promoting social, political and economic reform through education.(Shana Appelhanz, 2014).This is especially important to us in development studies because we already have interests in this area and can hone our already growing knowledge base. Radical education serves to provide equality to all who study as It relates to” access to wealth, education, healthcare, creative work, and to promoting collective and corporative forms of decision making and labor.”(Bookfield and Holst,2011).Origins of  Radical education can be traced back to Marxist theory and anarchist traditions. Allowing the teachers to rather be supporters of students and being on equal terms allows beneficial symbiotic relations to foster. Brazilian educator and philosopher Paulo Freire was an essential contributor to the philosophy, fundamentally he believed that collective action and continuing the struggle for the oppressed was important to liberate themselves from all forms of domination(Reflect Action,2009).This then, in turn, allows learners and educators to challenge the status quo.

 

I believe that both humanistic and radical approaches to education have their merits when it comes to andragogy. The humanist approach allows adult learners to study in a way in which they can learn in a self-directed approach in which they can incorporate all of their own experiences and knowledge. Radical education allows learners to study as co-creators of knowledge. As Freire noted traditional education methods instead treat individuals as empty vessels to be filled with knowledge. This can be seen in his “banking model of education.” There are critiques of course of both of these approaches such as how humanistic education may lead to individualization If all the students in class regularly do the same thing at the same time, their individual needs are not being met and this would be bad(Kenneth R. Conklin,1984). Critics of the radical approach to education argue that the philosophy is too rigid and with the too widely varying definitions is too hard to put into practice.  Regarding how these methods relate to myself and learning on this course, I believe these to be two most reliable due to my present circumstances. Development studies are often undertaken by individuals with a wealth of knowledge in the field already. The knowledge that they can draw upon to apply to a variety of situations. This is especially true when it comes to adult learners who may be working long hours in the area of development.

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